All about GATE Exam for Under graduates

Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering (GATE) is an examination that primarily tests the comprehensive understanding of the candidates in various undergraduate subjects in Engineering/Technology/Architecture and post-graduate level subjects in Science. The GATE score of a candidate reflects a relative performance level in a particular subject in the examination across several years. The score is used for admissions to post-graduate programs (e.g., M.E./M.Tech/ Direct Ph.D.) in centrally funded Indian Institutes of higher education (i.e., Institutes which are provided with financial assistance by MHRD and other Government agencies). The score is also used by some Public and Private Sector Undertakings for employment processes in India. Direct recruitment to Group ‘A’ level posts i.e., Senior Field Officer (SFO Tele), Senior Research Officer (SRO) (Crypto) and SRO (S&T) in Cabinet Secretariat is now being done on the basis of GATE scores.

This year GATE 2017 examination shall be held in Bangladesh, Ethiopia, Nepal, Singapore, Sri Lanka and United Arab Emirates for admissions of candidates from these nationalities in IITs and IISc.

For admission of International candidates, a common admission portal is being developed and International candidates shall be informed about it well in time on this GATE website

The Indian Institute of Science (IISc) and seven Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs at Bombay, Delhi, Guwahati, Kanpur, Kharagpur, Madras and Roorkee) jointly administer the conduct of GATE. The operations related to GATE in each of the 8 zones are managed by a zonal GATE Office at the IITs or IISc. The Organizing Institute (OI) is responsible for the end-to-end process and coordination amongst the administering Institutes. Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee is the Organzing Institute for GATE 2017.

Financial Assistance

A valid GATE score is essential for obtaining financial assistance during Master’s programs and direct Doctoral programs in Engineering/ Technology/ Architecture, and Doctoral programs in relevant branches of Science in Institutes supported by the MHRD or other Government agencies. As per the directives of the MHRD, the following procedure is to be adopted for admission to the post-graduate programs (Master’s and Doctoral) with MHRD scholarship/assistantship. Depending upon the norms adopted by a specific institute or department of the Institute, a candidate may be admitted directly into a course based on his/her performance in GATE only or based on his/her performance in GATE and an admission test/interview conducted by the department to which he/she has applied and/or the candidate’s academic record. If the candidate is to be selected through test/interview for post-graduate programs, a minimum of 70% weightage will be given to the performance in GATE.


Several public sector undertakings, have, in the past, used GATE scores for screening of candidates. A few such organizations are: Indian Oil Corporation Limited, National Thermal Power Corporation, Oil and Natural Gas Corporation and Power Grid Corporation etc.


GATE administration is not responsible for employment opportunities. The qualified candidates must check newspapers and other reliable sources for any such information.


GATE is administered and conducted jointly by the Indian Institute of Science (IISc) and seven Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs) on behalf of the National Coordination Board (NCB)-GATE, Department of Higher Education, Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD), Government of India. The GATE committee, which comprises of representatives from these administering institutes, is the sole authority for regulating the examination and declaring the results.

GATE is conducted through the collaboration of eight zones. The zones and the corresponding administrative institutes are:

Zone-1: Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore

Zone-2: Indian Institute of Technology Bombay

Zone-3: Indian Institute of Technology Delhi

Zone-4: Indian Institute of Technology Guwahati

Zone-5: Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur

Zone-6: Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur

Zone-7: Indian Institute of Technology Madras

Zone-8: Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee

Examinations for all the 23 papers (disciplines) will be conducted by an ONLINE Computer Based Test (CBT). A candidate can appear only in any one paper of the GATE examination. The online examination paper will contain some questions for which numerical answers must be keyed in by the candidate using the virtual keypad. Rest of the questions shall be of Multiple Choice Question (MCQ) type. A virtual on screen calculator only shall be used during examination. The candidates shall use ONLY virtual calculator to be provided by GATE. Physical calculator, mobile phone and wrist watches with calculation facility are strictly prohibited and candidates possessing these in the examination hall (even if not using) shall be disqualified.

GATE papers and paper codes for GATE 2017

Gate exam paper codes


Before starting the application process, the candidate must ensure that he/she meets the educational eligibility criteria of GATE 2017 as shown in Table.


Eligibility Criteria for GATE 2017 (No age limit) Qualifying Degree


Qualifying Degree/Examination (Descriptive)


Degree Status


Year of qualification not later than-




Bachelor’s degree in Engineering/ Technology (4 years after 10+2 or

3 years after B.Sc./Diploma in Engineering/ Technology) and those who are in the final year of such programs

Currently in the final year or already completed 2017
B. Arch. Bachelor’s degree in Architecture (Five years course) Currently in the final year or already completed 2017
B.Sc. (Research)/ B.S. Bachelor’s degree in Science


4 years after 10+2)

Currently in the 4th year or already completed 2017


Application process for GATE 2017 is over and for GATE 2018 application process will be started in September 1st of 2017.

Types of Questions:

The GATE examination shall be of 3 hours duration with a maximum of 100 marks. The question paper for GATE 2017 will consist of questions of both multiple-choice type and numerical answer type. For multiple choice type questions, candidates have to choose the answer from the given choices. For numerical answer type questions, candidates have to enter a number as the answer using a virtual keypad.

Pattern of Question Papers

In all the papers, there will be a total of 65 questions carrying 100 marks, out of which 10 questions carrying a total of 15 marks will be on General Aptitude (GA).


In the papers bearing the codes AE, AG, BT, CE, CH, CS, EC, EE, IN, ME, MN, MT, PE, PI, TF and XE, the Engineering Mathematics will carry around 15% of the total marks, the General Aptitude section will carry 15% of the total marks and the remaining 70% of the total marks is devoted to the subject of the paper.

In the papers bearing the codes AR, CY, EY, GG, MA, PH and XL, the General Aptitude section will carry 15% of the total marks and the remaining 85% of the total marks is devoted to the subject of the paper.


GATE 2017 would contain questions of two different types in various papers:

(i) Multiple Choice Questions (MCQ)

carrying 1 or 2 marks each in all papers and sections. These questions are objective in nature, and each will have a choice of four answers, out of which the candidate has to mark the correct answer(s).

(ii) Numerical Answer Questions

of 1 or 2 marks each in all papers and sections. For these questions the answer is a real number, to be entered by the candidate using the virtual keypad. No choices will be shown for this type of questions. The answer can be a number such as 10 (an integer only). The answer may be in decimals as well, for example, 10.1 (one decimal) or 10.01 (two decimals) or 10.001 (three decimals). Wherever required and possible, it is better to give NAT answer up to a maximum of three decimal places.

Design of Questions

The questions in a paper may be designed to test the following abilities:

(i) Recall:

These are based on facts, principles, formulae or laws of the discipline of the paper. The candidate is expected to be able to obtain the answer either from his/her memory of the subject or at most from a one-line computation.


  1. During machining, maximum heat is produced

(A) in flank face

(B) in rake face

(C) in shear zone

(D) due to friction between chip and tool

(ii) Comprehension:

These questions will test the candidate’s understanding of the basics of his/her field, by requiring him/her to draw simple conclusions from fundamental ideas.


  1. A DC motor requires a starter in order to

(A) develop a starting torque

(B) compensate for auxiliary field ampere turns

(C) limit armature current at starting

(D) provide regenerative braking

(iii) Application: In these questions, the candidate is expected to apply his/her knowledge either through computation or by logical reasoning.


  1. The sequent depth ratio of a hydraulic jump in a rectangular channel is 16.48. The Froude number at the beginning of the jump is:

(A) 5.0 (B) 8.0 (C) 10.0 (D) 12.0

The questions based on the above logics may be a mix of single standalone statement/phrase/data type questions, combination of option codes type questions or match items type questions.


Inthesequestions,thecandidateispresentedwithdata,diagrams,imagesetc.thatrequireanalysisbeforeaquestioncanbeanswered.ASynthesisquestionmightrequirethe39 | P a g e



5.4 Marking Scheme

For 1-mark multiple-choice questions, 1/3 mark will be deducted for a wrong answer. Likewise, for 2-mark multiple-choice questions, 2/3 mark will be deducted for a wrong answer. There is NO negative marking for numerical answer type questions.

5.4.1 General Aptitude (GA) Questions

In all papers, GA questions carry a total of 15 marks. The GA section includes 5 questions carrying 1-mark each (sub-total 5 marks) and 5 questions carrying 2-marks each (sub-total 10 marks).


Article by

Prof.Sai Kumar Goud

M/s.Neo Gate Academy, Hyderabad.




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